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The Text of Pakistan's Blasphemy Laws


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The Text of Pakistan's Blasphemy Laws
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drkhalidfcps
Senior Member Pakistani
Senior Member Pakistani


Joined: 25 Jun 2009
Posts: 792
Location: Pakistan

The Text of Pakistan's Blasphemy Laws
Now a days there is a lot of discussion going on about the Blasphemy laws in Pakistan. Punjab governer Salman Taseer was the last person killed by his gunman in Islamabad when he expressed his views about this law. What is this law and what is its text is given below for the knowledge of forum members. As the matter is very sensitive so please comment very sensibly keeping in mind the sensitive nature and people's sentiments in mind. The death case of Salman Taseer is also in process so please dont comment on the issue till all facts are revealed by the ongoing investigations.

The Text of Pakistan's Blasphemy Laws Offenses relating to religion: Pakistan Penal code
295-B
Defiling, etc, of copy of Holy Quran. Whoever will fully defiles, damages or desecrates a copy of the Holy Quran or of an extract therefrom or uses it in any derogatory manner or for any unlawful purpose shall be punishable for imprisonment for life.

295-C
Use of derogatory remarks, etc; in respect of the Holy Prophet. Whoever by words, either spoken or written or by visible representation, or by any imputation, innuendo, or insinuation, directly or indirectly, defiles the sacred name of the Holy Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) shall be punished with death, or imprisonment for life, and shall also be liable to fine.

298-A
Use of derogatory remarks, etc..., in respect of holy personages. Whoever by words, either spoken or written, or by visible representation, or by any imputation, innuendo or insinuation, directly or indirectly defiles a sacred name of any wife (Ummul Mumineen), or members of the family (Ahle-bait), of the Holy Prophet (PBUH), or any of the righteous caliphs (Khulafa-e-Rashideen) or companions (Sahaaba) of the Holy Prophet description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.

298-B
Misuse of epithet, descriptions and titles, etc. Reserved for certain holy personages or places.
Any person of the Qadiani group or the Lahori group (who call themselves Ahmadis or by any other name) who by words, either spoken or written or by visible representation:
refers to or addresses, any person, other than a Caliph or companion of the Holy Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), as "Ameerul Momneen", "Khalifat-ul-Momneen", "Khalifat-ul-Muslimeen", "Sahaabi" or "Razi Allah Anho";

Refers to or addresses, any person, other than a wife of the Holy Prophet Mohammed (PBUH), as Ummul-Mumineen;

refers to, or addresses, any person, other than a member of the family (Ahle-Bait) of the Holy Prophet Mohammed (PBUH), as Ahle-Bait; or

refers to, or names, or calls, his place of worship as Masjid;

shall be punished with imprisonment or either description for a term which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Any person of the Qadiani group or Lahore group, (who call themselves Ahmadis or by any other names), who by words, either spoken or written, or by visible representations, refers to the mode or from of call to prayers followed by his faith as "Azan" or redites Azan as used by the Muslims, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years and shall also be liable to fine.

298-C
Persons of Qadiani group, etc, calling himself a Muslim or preaching or propagating his faith. Any person of the Qadiani group or the Lahori group (who call themselves Ahmadis or any other name), who directly or indirectly, posses himself as a Muslim, or calls, or refers to, his faith as Islam, or preaches or propagates his faith, or invites others to accept his faith, by words, either spoken or written, or by visible representation or in any manner whatsoever outrages the religious feelings of Muslims, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years and shall also be liable to fine.
Wed Jan 05, 2011 11:28 pm View user's profile Send private message
drkhalidfcps
Senior Member Pakistani
Senior Member Pakistani


Joined: 25 Jun 2009
Posts: 792
Location: Pakistan

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Blasphemy in Modern World ( By Amer Nadeem Advocate High Court )

The concept of blasphemous legislation is not novel in the modern world. In a number of countries the blasphemy acts or omissions as offences can be traced out. Ireland may be the most recent example. In January 2010, in Ireland the blasphemy law was enacted and now law of the land. In Ireland laws Blsaphemy is described as "publishing or uttering matter that is grossly abusive or insulting in relation to matters sacred by any religion, thereby intentionally causing outrage among a substantial number of adherents of that religion, with some defences permitted".

In England all blasphemies against God, the Christian religion, the Holy Scriptures, and malicious revilings of the established church, were punishable by indictment. The common law offences of blasphemy and blasphemous libel were abolished by the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008. Similarly, in a recent verdict by Supreme Court of Malaysia, the blasphemous laws of 1965 have been upheld.

In United Arab Emirates & Bangladesh blasphemy is crime.

This offence has been enlarged in Pennsylvania, and perhaps most of the states, by statutory provision. Vide Christianity; 11 Serg. & Rawle, 394. 1 East, P. C. 3; 1 Russ. on Cr. 217.

In France, before the 25th of September, 1791, it was a blasphemy also to speak against the holy virgin and the saints, to deny one's faith, to speak with impiety of holy things, and to swear by things sacred. Merl. Rep. h. t. The law relating to blasphemy in that country was totally repealed by the code of 25th of September, 1791, and its present penal code, art. 262, enacts, that any person who, by words or gestures, shall commit any outrage upon objects of public worship, in the places designed or actually employed for the performance of its rites, or shall assault or insult the ministers of such worship in the exercise of their functions, shall be fined from sixteen to five hundred francs, and be imprisoned for a period not less than fifteen days nor more than six months.

In Spain it is blasphemy not only to speak against God and his government, but to utter injuries against the Virgin Mary and the saints. {1}

Defamation of religion is an issue that has been repeatedly addressed by the United Nations since 1999. In that year, Pakistan brought before the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, under the agenda item on racism, a resolution entitled "Defamation of Islam." The resolution expressed concern at the negative stereotyping of Islam, and urged the members of the United Nations to combat religious intolerance against Muslims. The Commission adopted the resolution after its title was changed to "Defamation of religions," and its purport was changed to embrace all religions. Each year between 1999 and 2006, the Commission approved similar resolutions. In March 2006, the Human Rights Commission became the United Nations Human Rights Council. The UNHRC approved similar resolutions for 2006 and thereafter. Beginning in 2005, the United Nations General Assembly adopted annually a resolution entitled "Combating Defamation of Religions". On 25 March 2010, 20 members of the UNHRC voted in favour of a resolution entitled "Combating defamation of religions"; 17 members voted against the resolution; 8 abstained; 2 were absent. {2}.
Thu Jan 06, 2011 12:31 am View user's profile Send private message
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